Tripartism as a state policy

The Philippine Labor Code declares tripartism in labor relations as a State policy. Article 275 of the Labor Code, states that “Tripartism in labor relations is hereby declared a State policy. Towards this end, workers and employers shall, as far as practicable, be represented in decision and policy-making bodies of the government. xxx”

Tripartism meaning

Tripartism refers to the representation of workers and employers sectors in decision and policy making bodies of the government. Through tripartism, workers and employers on the one hand, representing their respective interests, and the government on the other hand, representing the interest of the public, help shape labor, social and economic policies and programs of the government.

Tripartism is in place in government agencies like the the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC), Employees Compensation Commission (ECC), National Wages and Productivity Commission (NWPC), Technical Education and Skill Development Authority (TESDA), Social Security System (SSS), Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA), Overseas Workers’ Welfare Administration (OWWA) and Pag-ibig Home Development Funds (Pag-ibig).

History of Tripartism

The provision on tripartism as state policy was not originally contained in the Labor Code when it was first adopted in 1974. It was only a sometime later, through Presidential Decree No. 850, which took effect on December 16, 1975, that the Labor Code categorically adopted tripartism as a state policy. The provision on tripartism was formerly contained in Article 265 of the Labor Code. It was later transferred to Article 275, with slight amendment, under Republic Act No. 6715.

Last Edited: Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Caveat: Subsequent court and administrative rulings, or changes to, or repeal of, laws, rules and regulations may have rendered the whole or part of this article inaccurate or obsolete.

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