The court has ruled in the case of Mindanao Times Corporation vs. Confesor, G.R. No. 183417, February 5, 2010, that bank deposit does not comply with the appeal bond requirement under Section 6, Rule 6, of the NLRC Rules of Procedure, viz.:

Section 6. Bond. In case the decision of the Labor Arbiter or the Regional Director involves a monetary award, an appeal by the employer may be perfected only upon the posting of a cash or surety bond. The appeal bond shall either be in cash or surety in an amount equivalent to the monetary award, exclusive of damages and attorney’s fees.

Petitioner argued that its bank deposit and Deed of Assignment which it transmitted to the NLRC, along with the passbook, constituted substantial compliance with the rule on perfection of appeals.

The Supreme Court, giving no merit to petitioner’s contention, held that bank deposit is not sufficient compliance with the appeal bond requirement under the aforementioned section. The Court ratiocinated as follows:

“Clearly, an appeal from a judgment as that involved in the present case is perfected “only” upon the posting of a cash or surety bond. Accessories Specialist, Inc. v. Alabanza enlightens:

“The posting of a bond is indispensable to the perfection of an appeal in cases involving monetary awards from the decision of the LA. The intention of the lawmakers to make the bond a mandatory requisite for the perfection of an appeal by the employer is clearly limned in the provision that an appeal by the employer may be perfected “only upon the posting of a cash or surety bond.” The word “only” makes it perfectly plain that the lawmakers intended the posting of a cash or surety bond by the employer to be the essential and exclusive means by which an employer’s appeal may be perfected. The word “may” refers to the perfection of an appeal as optional on the part of the defeated party, but not to the compulsory posting of an appeal bond, if he desires to appeal. The meaning and the intention of the legislature in enacting a statute must be determined from the language employed; and where there is no ambiguity in the words used, then there is no room for construction.

“The filing of the bond is not only mandatory but also a jurisdictional requirement that must be complied with in order to confer jurisdiction upon the NLRC. Non-compliance therewith renders the decision of the LA final and executory. This requirement is intended to assure the workers that if they prevail in the case, they will receive the money judgment in their favor upon the dismissal of the employer’s appeal. It is intended to discourage employers from using an appeal to delay or evade their obligation to satisfy their employees’ just and lawful claims. (citations omitted, italics in the original; emphasis and underscoring supplied)

“‘Cash,’ means a sum of money; cash bail (the sense in which the term “cash bond” is used) is a sum of money posted by a criminal defendant to ensure his presence in court, used in place of a surety bond and real estate.

“In the present case, the Deed of Assignment, as well as the passbook, which petitioner submitted to the NLRC is neither a cash nor a surety bond. Petitioner’s appeal to the NLRC was thus not duly perfected, thereby rendering the Labor Arbiter’s Decision final and executory.”

Last Edited: Friday, August 19, 2011

Caveat: Subsequent court and administrative rulings, or changes to, or repeal of, laws, rules and regulations may have rendered the whole or part of this article inaccurate or obsolete.
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