Persons who work with substantially equal qualification, skill, effort and responsibility, under similar conditions, should be paid similar salaries.

Jurisprudence

  1. Equal pay for equal work; Explanation. The long honored legal truism of “equal pay for equal work,” meaning, “persons who work with substantially equal qualification, skill, effort and responsibility, under similar conditions, should be paid similar salaries,” has been institutionalized in our jurisdiction. Such that “if an employer accords employees the same position and rank, the presumption is that these employees perform equal work” as “borne by logic and human experience.” The ramification is that “(i)f the employer pays one employee less than the rest, it is not for that employee to explain why he receives less or why the others receive more. That would be adding insult to injury. The employer has discriminated against that employee; it is for the employer to explain why the employee is treated unfairly.” (International School Alliance of Educators v. Quisumbing, et al., G.R. No. 128845, June 1, 2000, cited in Philex Gold Phil., et al. vs. Philex Bulawan Supervisors Union, G.R. No. 149758, August 25, 2005.)
Caveat: Subsequent court and administrative rulings, or changes to, or repeal of, laws, rules and regulations may have rendered the whole or part of this article inaccurate or obsolete.
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