Retirement Age Retirement is one of the modes of termination of employment. By retirement, the employment is terminated when the employee has reached a certain age, or after he has completed a certain number of years of service. Under the Labor Code (Art. 287), an employee may be retired upon reaching the retirement age established […]

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Due process cannot be dispensed with despite wider discretion in terminating managerial and confidential employees. Although employers have wider latitude of discretion in terminating a managerial employee, it is nonetheless settled that confidential and managerial employees cannot be arbitrarily dismissed at any time, and without cause as reasonably established in an appropriate investigation. Such employees, […]

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