• Employee found guilty of habitual absenteeism and tardiness not entitled to economic assistance
  • “No work no pay” scheme is not significant in determining employer-employee relationship
  • Requirement for appeals involving monetary award
  • Admissibility of evidence submitted for the first time on appeal
  • Permanent disability and Total disability; Meaning
  • Dismissal based on grounds not alleged in the notice of termination not necessarily illegal
  • Dismissal of corporate officer falls under the jurisdiction of regular courts not NLRC
  • Labor-only contracting; Pure supply of manpower to assist in sales and distribution of products is prohibited as labor-only contracting
  • Suspension of labor-claims during corporate rehabilitation
  • Drug-Free Workplace Policy; Importance of confirmatory test after drug test
  • POEA Standard Employment Contract; Permanent disability defined
  • POEA Standard Employment Contract; Compensation and benefits for injury or illness; Effect of failure of seafarer to submit himself for medical examination within 3 days from repatriation
  • Executory character of assumption and certification order
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  • Drug use in employer’s premises constitutes serious misconduct
  • Lack of written notices entitles employee to award of nominal damages
  • Simple misconduct does not merit employee’s dismissal from service
  • Proof that employer acted maliciously or in bad faith not necessary for award of attorney’s fees
  • When transfer of employee is tantamount to constructive dismissal
  • Loss of confidence must be based on a willful breach of trust to justify dismissal
  • Willful breach of trust; Definition
  • “Doctrine of strained relations”; Requirements for application of the doctrine
  • When corporate officer may be deemed employee of the company
  • Ibid.; Jurisdiction over money claims
  • Labor claims cannot proceed pending rehabilitation of employer-corporation

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