Retirement Age Retirement is one of the modes of termination of employment. By retirement, the employment is terminated when the employee has reached a certain age, or after he has completed a certain number of years of service. Under the Labor Code (Art. 287), an employee may be retired upon reaching the retirement age established […]

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Due process cannot be dispensed with despite wider discretion in terminating managerial and confidential employees. Although employers have wider latitude of discretion in terminating a managerial employee, it is nonetheless settled that confidential and managerial employees cannot be arbitrarily dismissed at any time, and without cause as reasonably established in an appropriate investigation. Such employees, […]

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Regional Director; Jurisdiction over monetary claims; Exceptions clause. The power of the Regional Director to hear and decide the monetary claims of employees is not absolute. The last sentence of Article 128 (b) of the Labor Code, otherwise known as the “exception clause,” provides an instance when the Regional Director or his representatives may be […]

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